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Monday 7.03.2011


3rd year of studies – academic year 20010/2011 – Summer (6th) semester
Head of the Division of Parasitology & Invasiology:
Professor Halina Wędrychowicz
Tutor: Maciej Klockiewicz (DVM, PhD), e-mail:
mobile: 0-600-943-653; building 23, 2nd floor, entrance C, room 2125.
Other tutors: Ewa Długosz (PhD), e-mail:
Wojciech Zygner (DVM, PhD),

8.03.2011. The nematodes – families: Strongylidae & Oesophagostomidae
– morphology of bucal cavities and posterior parts of males bodies of large Strongyles: Strongylus vulgaris, S. equinus, S. edentatus;
– large (genus: Strongylus) & small strongyles (subfamily: Cyathostominae) larvae routs of invasion and migration within the host
– the morphology and life cycles of ruminants’ Oesophagostomidae (Oesophagostomum radiatum, O. venulosum, O. columbianum, Chabertia ovina); & pigs’ – O. dentatum;
– practical diagnosis of Strongylidae infection by fecal examination
– specific diagnostics based on infective larvrae cultures
8.03.2011. The nematodes migrating through the host skin: hookworms & threadworms
– Ancylostomatidae: Ancylostoma canium, A. tubaeforme, Uncinaria stenocephala – morphology, life cycles, observation of laboratory cultures of infective larvae and adult worms, diagnostic methods; tropical species; guidelines for control; problem in treatment due to lower susceptibility of U. stenocephala to deworming medicines
– hookworms of cows: Bunostomum trigonocephalum & B. phlebotomum; – morphology, life cycles, preventive measurements and treatment
– farm animals’ threadworms: Strongyloides ransomi, S. papillosus, S. westeri) – morphology, life cycles, rout of infection, alternating generation phenomenon (free-living and parasitic stages)
22.03.2011. Nematodes from family Trichostrongylidae in ruminants.
– Haemonchus contortus, Ostertagia ostertagi, Teladorsagia circumcincta, Trichostrongylus axei, T. colubriformis, T. vitrinus, Cooperia curticei, C. oncophora, Nematodirus filicollis, N. spathiger, N. helvetianus – morphology, life cycles, target sites , development out of the host, ways of infection
– the diagnostics of Trichostrongylidae infections, characteristics of infective larvae – differences between species
22.03.2011. The roundworms and pinworms.
– Ascaris suum, Parascaris equorum, Neoascaris vitulorum, Toxocara sp., Toxascaris leonina, Ascridia galli – morphology and life cycles
– diagnostics methods, guidelines for deworming and preventive measurements
– Enterobius vermicularis – biology and morphology, treatment and role of hygene
– Oxyuris egui – morphology, life cycle, treatment and prophylaxis of the infection
– Heterakis galinarum – morphology, life cycle, role of the worm in epidemiology of histomonadosis (blackhead disease in birds: turkeys, guinea-fowls, etc…)
29.03.2011. The nematodes parasitizing in respiratory tracts of birds and mammals. The infections caused by worms from family Trichuridae.
– Syngamus trachea, Dictyocaulus viviparus, D. filaria, Metastrongylus sp. – morphology, life cycles, routs of infection, larvae migrations within the hosts’ organisms, diagnostic and control methods
– Whipworm infections: Trichuris suis, T. ovis, T. vulpis – morphology, life cycles, diagnostics, and problems in treatment
29.03.2011. The nematodes parasitizing in muscles, connective tissues and body cavities. The infection of Acanthocephalan worms.
– Trichinella spiralis – morphology, lice cycle, predilectic sites for larvae, detection methods
– Onchocerca sp., Thelazia sp., Setaria sp., Dioctophyma renale – morphology, life cycles, intermediate and paratenic hosts, diagnostics, problems in treatment
– Acanthocepahalans: Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus – morphology, life cycle, diagnostics and treatment
12.04.2011. The introduction to parasitic insects.
– morphology, biology, and development of parasitic insects
The COLLOQUIUM III – nematodes
12.04.2011. Parasitic insects – part 1.
– Mallophaga: Menopon sp., Lipeurus sp., Columbicola sp., Bovicola sp., Trichodectes sp., Werneckiella sp. – morphology, life cycles, diagnostics and treatment
– Anoplura: Pediculus humanus, Phthirius pubis, Haematopinus sp., Linognathus sp. – morphology, life cycles, diagnostics and treatment
19.04.2011. Parasitic insects – part 2.
– fleas: Pulex irritans, Ctenocephalides sp., Ceratophyllus gallinae – morphology, life cycles, diagnostics and treatment; role of fleas as intermediate host for: Dipylidium caninum, Hymenolepis diminuta & H. nana; discussion on preventive and flea control methods in carnivores
– bedbug Cimex lectularius – detection and control
10.05.2011. Parasitic insects – part 3.
– Horse bots: Rhinoestrus purpureus, Gasterophilus intestinalis, G. veterinus, G. nasalis, G. haemorrhoidalis, G. pecorum, G. inermis – morphology, life cycles, diagnostics, treatment and control measurements
– Warble flies: Hypoderma bovis, H. lineatum – morphology, life cycles, diagnostics and treatment
– Oestrus ovis – morphology, life cycle, control – differential diagnosis with Taenia multiceps (Multiceps multiceps) infections (coenurosis in sheep)
10.05.2011. Parasitic insects – part 4.
– Blackfiles (Simulium sp.), horse flies (Tabanus sp.) & mosquitos (Culex sp., Anopheles sp.) – morphology, life cycles, control
– Sheep ked – morphology, life cycles, control of Melophagus ovinus infestations
– other Hippoboscidae (louse flies)
– myiases – invasions caused by dipterous fly larvae
24.05.2011. The acaroses of pets & livestock.
– General characteristics of Acarinae (mites)
– Sarcoptic mange: Sarcoptes sp., Notoedres cati – morphology, life cycle, treatment and control measurements of infections
– Chorioptic mange: Chorioptes sp. – morphology, life cycle, treatment and control measurements of infections
– Psoroptic mange: Psoroptes sp. – morphology, life cycle, treatment and control measurements of infections
– Ear mange in cats & dogs: Otodectes cynotis – morphology, life cycle, treatment and control measurements of infections
– Poultry mange: Cnemidocoptes mutans, Cytodites nudus – morphology, life cycle, treatment and control measurements of infections
31.05.2011. Bovine & dog demodecosis, honey bee tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi), red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae infections in birds and mammals), pigeon argas (Argas reflexus), and ticks.
– Demodecoses: Demodex bovis, D. canis – morphology, life cycle, treatment and control measurements of infections
– Tick infestations: Ixodes ricinus, Dermacentor pictus, Haemaphysalis concinna – morphology, life cycles, control measurements
– Acarapis woodi, Argas reflexus i Cheyletiella sp. – discussion of main aspects of those diseases
7.06.2011. Pentastomida – morphology & life cycles
The COLLOQUIUM IV – infections caused by Arthropods

Anderson R.C. Nematode Parasites of Verterbrates. Their development and transmission, 2nd ed. CABI. 2000.
Dalton J.P.(ed). Fasciolosis. CABI.1998.
Bowman D.D. Parasitology for Veterinarians. WB Sanders 2000.
FAO Animal health Manual: Epidemiology, diagnosis and control of helminth parasites of swine, Rome 1998.
FAO Animal Health Manual: Epidemiology, diagnosis and control of poultry parasites, Rome 1998.
Georgi J.R., Georgi M.E. Canine clinical parasitology, Lea & Febiger 1992.
Bowman D.D., Hendrix Ch.M., Lindsay D.S., Barr S.C. Feline clinical parasitology. Iowa State University Press, 2002.
Kassai T. Veterinary Helminthology. Butterworth-Heinemann, 1999
Urquhart G.M. et al. Veterinary Parasitology, Longman Group UK 1987.
Taylor M.A., Coop R.L., Wall R.L. Veterinary Parasitology, Blackwell Publishing, 2007. (strongly suggested)
Warren K.S. Immunology and molecular biology of parasitic infections. Blackwell Scientific Publ. 1993



8.03.2011. Lecture XVI-XVII. Parasitic Arthropods: crustaceans, insects. The lice infections i birds & mammals.
The prevalence of (lice) Mallophaga & Anoplura infections in domestic animals. The economic loses caused by lice infestations in farm animals. Flea infections in poultry & carnivores. The importance of fleas as diseases’ vectors. The immunopathology of flea infection. The allergens of fleas.
22.03.2011. Lecture XVIII-XIX. The consequences of parasitic insects infections.
The hypersensitivity of cows to saliva allergens of black flies (Simulium sp.); phases of disease, preventive measurements. The mosquitoes, Tabanidae (horse flies). The anticoagulants of blood feeding insects. The Gasterophilosis in horses (bot flies d.): prevalence, clinical sings, prophylactic action. The prevalence of Oestrus ovis infections. The hypodermosis in cows. The host immune response to Hypoderma sp. infection and it’s role in pathogenesis & elimination of the infection. The inflammatory and necrotic lesions of skin in ruminants affected by flies’ larvae (Lucilla cuprina, Calliphora stimulans).
29.03.2011. Lecture XX-XXI. The introduction to Acaroses. The mite infections in ungulates & carnivores. The infection caused by Demodex spp.
The sarcoptic mange in pigs, horses, ruminants and carnivores. The psoroptic mange in large and small animals. The chorioptic mange. The prevalence and pathogenesis of those infections. The economic loses due to mange infections. The circumstances allowing distribution of mange in animals and preventive measurements.
Dog demodecosis and its forms. The demodecosis in cows, sheep, goats & horses. The genotype, immunity and diet involvement in occurrence and
severity of clinical signs of the disease. The prevalence of the ocular demodecosis in humans.
12.04.2011. Lecture XXIV-XXV. The occurrence, development and mechanisms of drug resistance in parasites (protozoans, helmints and arthropods).
10.05.2011. Lecture XXVI-XXVII. The relationships between host and parasite. Parasite antigens. The main host’s resistance mechanisms to parasite infections. – by Dr. Ewa Długosz
24.05.2010. Lecture XXVIII-XXX. The parasite evasive mechanisms from host immune response. – by Dr. Ewa Długosz
The mechanisms and examples of evading strategies from effects of host immunity (molecular mimicry, immune distract, immunomodulation, neutralising enzymes for nitrogen oxide and free radicals, proteases cutting antibodies).
31.05.2011. Lecture XXII-XXIII. The acaroses in birds. The tick infections. – by Dr. Wojciech Zygner
The pathology and loses caused by mites in birds. The zoonoses caused by mites parasitising in birds.
The periods of ticks’ activity. The local and systemic symptoms observed in consecutive phases of the infection. The patho-mechanism of tick paralysis. The immune response to ticks’ antigens and means of ticks’ self-protection against it. The perspectives of vaccine against tick infection. The direct loses due to ticks infections. The ticks as vectors of viral, bacterial and protozoan diseases.

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